CULTURE, CORRUPTION AND INSURGENCY:
THREATS AND QUEST FOR SURVIVAL IN NAGALAND
Dr. Pavithran Nambiar
This study would examine the relationship between culture, corruption and insurgency in Nagaland. Two important factors that probably causing this danger as identified by this researcher are Culture and Corruption. Hence, will be examining the extent to which these factors had impacted insurgency in the state during the second half of 20th century, i.e. between 1950 and 1999.
The core of the Naga issue can be found in the formation of Naga Club (NC, 1918), Naga National Council (NNC, 1946) and later on National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN-IM&K, 1980) that demanded a sovereign Naga state, “Greater Nagalim” by annexing Nagas dominated areas from nearby states like Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar.
Grounds for selecting this topic are that the Naga insurgency is the mother of all insurgencies and the oldest in the Northeast; its society has three elements that needed for the study, i.e. strong family ties, corruption, and insurgency; and the researcher had conducted a study on Nagaland insurgency in 2008, but with a different dimension.
The origin and definition of different terms like Culture, Corruption, Naga, Ethnic, Insurgency, and Terrorism are explained.
Objective of this study is to find out the relationship between culture, corruption, and insurgency in Nagaland, and for this, Facilitation theory will be used as a base. Another important objective is to provide certain recommendations for the policy formulation to contain this menace, and this will be done by adopting an eclectic approach, wherein different theoretical frameworks will be put in use as below. Relevance of these theories will be justified on the basis of the study of different cases/incidents.
1. Facilitation theory To understand the cultural factors that facilitated corruption and how corruption facilitated insurgency.
2. Social Cohesion
theory To examine the level of cohesion prevailed between the people and the law enforcement agencies (LEAs), and to suggest measures for enhancing the cooperation, enabling the LEAs to collect advance intelligence, take action, and to prevent attack (short as well as long term measures).
3. Prospect theory To examine the factors that were considered by the insurgents before they carried out the attacks, vulnerabilities in the security, and to suggest measures to enhance security so as to minimize vulnerabilities, thus reducing the chances of further attacks. For this, police investigation reports of certain insurgent attacks will be studied (short term measures).
4. Social Capital
theory To study the prevailing social capital values, economic developmental programs, suggest recommendations to enhance social capital values, so that changes can be brought in the mindset of people towards value based life, which in the long run would help to contain the menace of insurgency (long term measures).
Methodology: Literature review, perusing relevant websites, government reports, examining important corruption cases registered in the state, dialogue with authorities of LEAs, intelligence officials, academicians, political leaders, and prominent personalities of the society.
The tentative chapterization of the study is as given below:
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Culture of Nagas
Chapter 3: Corruption in Nagaland
Chapter 4: Role of Corruption in Insurgency
Chapter 5: Impacts of Insurgency & Connecting Government with the common people
Chapter 6: Relationship between Culture, Corruption and Insurgency
Chapter 7: Prevention of Insurgency: Theoretical Perspective
- Findings and Recommendations
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