Behaviour of human being is integral part of humanity since times immemorial. Behaviour emanates from thinking or psychology / cognitive framework. Concept of Gunas originated and has been described in Atharva Veda. Indian philosophies discuss human behaviour in the course of explaining their entities ‘tattvas’. Bhagwat Gita and Samkhya darshana explains guna and implications in real life. These are discussed as unique features or characteristics of an individual with respect to personality traits and behaviour. Right from the Vedic period this philosophy has been deliberated by Socrates, Kant and Wittgenstein. Soul is vital life form in human body that provides life and consciousness to body and mind and is the unifying element of the universe. Samkhya, ancient Indian philosophy is a dualist theory that relies on existence on realities of Purusha (soul, spirit) and Prakriti (matter). Matter is comprised of body and mind or psyches that are physical aspects of human body whereas soul or the spirit or atma signifies ultimate consciousness. Psychology of any individual comprises of three primary dimensions; Satva guna, Rajas guna and Tamas guna. These are three constituents described in Samkhya Philosophy correspondingly reflect spirituality, activity and inertia. All are omniscient but in divergent quantities. Proportion of each depends on state of mind of each individual with ultimate aim of achieving highest form Satva, the most peaceful and productive to mankind. All three constituents are beautifully enunciated in the Srimad Bagwat Geeta (14th, 17th and 18th Cantos) as central force that help reaching harmony with the divine law. One promotes the other to bring out the best in human being. Inertia or rest to body is as important as wisdom or goodness Looking inwards and introspection of own behaviour brings out the best in a personality. Samkhya philosophy focuses on complete awareness of soul and that it is free from all sufferings. Vedanta philosophy postulates that the soul is blissful and it spreads happiness and influences individual psyche positively (1.1.3, 2000BC).
The modern world is dynamic and emotions and gunas are limited to individual belief systems. Kalyug has its effect on the kind of personalities that we are. The seminar will focus on importance of Triguna theory and application of theory in contemporary world. The discourse is expected to bring new insights and better understanding of the theory. Discussion and brainstorming are likely to identify and quantify measures to be adopted to enable society to use this theory in daily life and be effective at work place. The outcome proposed to develop some scholarly value - addition to already existing scholarship on the subject. The deliberations would attempt at redefining the Triguna - relevance in present day state of chaos and uncertainties.
A limited number of participants will be invited for the Seminar. Those interested in participating should send (preferably by email) an abstract (500 words) of the proposed paper along with their C.V. (One page) to:
1. Brig JS Rajpurohit, Ph.D.
3. Ms. Ritika Sharma
The last date for submission of abstract (500 words) is 05 September, 2018 till 12:00 midnight. The Institute intends to send invitation letters to selected participants by 15 September, 2018. It is the policy of the Institute to publish the paper not proceedings of the seminars it organizes. Hence, all invited participants will be expected to submit complete papers, hitherto unpublished and original, with citations in place, along with a reference section, to the Academic Resource Officer, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla – 171005 by 24 September, 2018. Style sheet for the submission of papers may be downloaded from the IIAS website http://www.iias.ac.in/content/shss.
IIAS, Shimla, will be glad to extend its hospitality during the seminar period and is willing to reimburse, if required, rail or air travel expenses from the place of current residence in India, or the port of arrival in India, and back.
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