The book presents a critical reading of Radhakamal Mukerjee's oeuvre. Yet in its attempt to situate Mukerjee in the history of the discipline, it explores a larger set of questions that go beyond the life and times of a pioneer. it explores the making of collective disciplinary memory and distinctive national sociological traditions. The book underlines the inherent plurality, contestation and dynamism of the sociological tradition in India. It also examines the centrality of the indignity question in the discourses and practices of the discipline. It documents the past scholarly efforts to question the historical privileging of Europe in the context of modern social sciences. Not only did Mukerjee challenge Europe's position of centrality in terms of modern knowledge systems, but also conceived of the alternative framework of understanding human action, meaning and purposes. Viewed thus, the book contributes towards contemporary endeavors to historicise the growth and development of Sociology in India.